Contrary to widespread belief, hypoallergenic (not likely to cause an allergic reaction) or non-allergenic dogs do not exist. Since all dogs produce dander and saliva — the offending allergens, no dog is considered truly non-
Certain breeds such as the Maltese and Schnauzer because of their coat type, tend to produce fewer allergens than others and many people who are mildly allergic to dogs can tolerate these individual breeds.
But there are no guarantees. Severe asthmatics and pet allergy sufferers may not tolerate any dogs at all. Pet allergies are pandemic, with an asthma patient four times more likely to be allergic.
An allergy is an immune reaction to a protein (allergen) that enters the body or makes contact with the skin. Many people feel that it is the fur of the animal that causes the
allergy. However, dog saliva, dander (shed skin cells) and even urine can trigger an allergic reaction in a person.
The allergens can produce nasal congestion, runny nose, itchy nose, sneezing, itchy and watery eyes, coughing, a scratchy sore throat, itchy skin rashes or hives, headaches, fatigue, and difficulties in breathing and asthma.
For decades, paediatricians, allergists and parents thought that having a pet put children at risk for developing allergies and asthma. Doctors routinely recommended that parents get rid of a pet, especially if there was a family history of allergies and asthma before a new baby arrived. Now research suggests the opposite may be true that pets may actually affect a baby’s immune system in a way that can protect it against allergies and even asthma in the future.
Dogs breeds you could consider if you have allergies or asthma
Mexican Hairless (Xoloitzcuintli)
Soft-coated Wheaten Terrier
Kerry Blue Terrier